Heart disease is a condition where the heart is disturbed. The form of the disturbance itself can vary. Be it congestion in the heart, heart rhythm, valve heart, or birth defects.
The heart is a muscle that is divided into four chambers. Two halves are located at the top, the right and left atrium. While the other two are located at the bottom, the right and left ventricles.. Between the right and the left are separated by a muscle wall (septum) that functions to prevent the mixing of oxygen-rich blood with oxygen-poor blood.
The main function of the heart is to circulate oxygen-rich blood throughout the body. After the body has used oxygen in the blood, the poorly oxygenated blood travels back to the heart (right atrium), to be passed to the right ventricle via the tricuspid valve. After the blood reaches the right ventricle, it contracts, thus the poorly oxygenated blood will be pumped out of the heart through the pulmonary artery, and is transported to the lungs for oxygenation. This process will continuously be repeated unless if you are having any heart diseases.
Types of Heart Disease
The terms heart disease include a variety of disorders in the heart, including:
- Coronary artery disease (coronary heart disease) – narrowing of the blood vessels.
- Arrhythmias – a disorder of the heart rhythm.
- Congenital heart disease – a birth defect.
- Cardiomyopathy – a disorder of the heart muscle.
- Endocarditis – A heart infection caused by bacteria, viruses, or parasites.
- Cardiac valve disease – a disorder in one or all four of the heart valves.
So, what are common heart diseases affect other organs?
Technically, any heart disease can affect other organs. This is because of heart pumping blood through the circulation system all over our body. A failing heart means not enough oxygen pumped to other organs. However, when this occurs, our body will maximize oxygen delivery to important organs first like the brain to maintain important body function. Therefore certain organs will get affected earlier than others.
Other than reduced oxygen and blood supply, there are other ways on how heart disease can affect other organs. One of them is embolism. Embolism happens when a blood clot dislodged from its origin and migrated to other vessels in other parts of the body or other organs and caused a blockage. The blood clots can form in the heart due to the inability of the heart to contract and relax efficiently for example in arterial fibrillation. These clots formed can be dislodged and travel anywhere before finally arrived at a destination that’s too narrow for them to pass thus blocking the vessel. The common organs that can be affected are the brain, causing stroke and intestine causing mesenteric ischemia.
Heart disease is a part of a system called the cardiovascular system. Heart disease also referred to as cardiovascular disease which includes the circulatory systems which involve all the blood vessels in the body. Other than clots in the heart clot also can form inside the vessels due to several factors such as injury in the blood vessel wall, stagnant flow of the blood, problem with coagulation. This can happen in the legs causing peripheral vascular disease. The clots from this area can also be dislodged and travel to other parts of the body like lungs causing a pulmonary embolism.